27 Jan Problems with traditional farming in India
Agriculture in India is by and large intensive. This means, the land is broken up into smaller plots- which automatically leads to smaller yield. Intensive farming also needs a lot of water, and is labour intensive. This not only raises production costs but also makes the methods unsustainable in the longer run.
On top of that, many farmers use pesticides incorrectly, which result in the produce to be laden with pesticides and also affect fertility issues later. Availability of water also becomes a problem- since most of our agriculture is rain-fed, any disruption in monsoon cycle leads to failed harvest. Moreover, groundwater levels are steadily going down in a lot of places, which has a triggered a crisis for farmers.
There are also concerns about hygiene and pests, since cultivation and harvest entail the crops being exposed to a variety of elements. Careless handling also leads to hygiene issues and even wastage.
Greenhouse farming, on the other hand, is offering many advantages which the farmers are waking up to.